Here are some information on Foot Anatomy to share with you:
An adult’s foot and ankle contains:
- 26 bones
- 33 joints
- 107 ligaments
- 19 muscles and tendons
- With approx. 250,000 sweat glands
Babies feet have 22 partially developed bones, their bones are still very soft hence can be more easily damaged by abnormal pressures and forces. It is therefore vital to take a real interest in looking after their feet in the early stages of growth, as most problems/ issues they experience in adulthood could stem from possible issues experienced during their childhood (e.g. spinal pains, gait patterns, misalignment of bones etc).
Children’s feet become fully developed around the age of 18 and sometimes we as parents may overlook just how important their feet actually are. It is just as important as their eye sight, hearing abilities including their teeth, especially that they will mostly be walking on these two feet for the rest of their lives. This is why it is extremely important to provide the best foundation for your child’s feet development.
Key features of healthy shoes
Children usually take their first steps between the age of 9 to 12 months, although some children may take a bit longer. Once they start walking, it is best to have them walk around barefoot in safe environments such as their homes as much as possible. However, we strongly recommend protecting their delicate feet as soon as they start venturing independently outside etc.. While it is vital for us to do so with them wearing healthy shoes that not only protect their feet but support their development correctly.
A healthy pair of shoes should:
- Be flexible
- Have thin soles – to ease walking and promote nearly barefoot experiences
- Have wide space and closed edge protection for toes
- Have well supported ankles and toes – fixed at both places to support walking/ running (unlike flip flops)
- Be firm with padded ankle – to support the feet properly, sandals should have an enclosed back
- Be light weight – the lighter the shoe is the easier it is for feet and legs to work as they naturally should
- Have adjustable design – laces/ velcro or buckles allow for easy size adjustments